There are two dynamics happening at the same time when it comes to team problem solving:
The rational, logical part of solving the problem and the interpersonal dynamic at play within the team.
If the rational side of the problem solving isn’t done, the solution itself won’t be effective. If the interpersonal side of the problem solving is lacking, the acceptance of the solution won’t occur and the team won’t buy-in.
In order to improve the rational side of problem-solving, it’s important for the team to simplify the problem, keeping in mind that a problem well defined is half-solved. Most teams don’t do a good job of defining the problem in the first place and they end up symptom-solving instead of problem-solving.
On the interpersonal side of problem-solving, the leader needs to focus on managing two different dynamics in the group:
First, the group will have a tendency to go with ideas and solutions that are stated with greater confidence. That leads to the most confident, assertive people in the group influencing the others, even when their ideas are not the best.
Second, a quieter team member might have an excellent opinion but because they can’t express it well, the team will tend to discard it. Therefore, the leader needs to ensure that some ideas are supported before being discarded and that strongly opinionated team members do not overpower the others.
By managing participation to ensure that every team member feels included and by encouraging a healthy discussion where ideas can be supported and debated, the leader will increase the chance of getting both the best solution and have the team be committed to the implementation of that solution.
Source : https://bit.ly/2uH5d97